Professor Mark Whittow’s map of Oxford University clearly shows the historically attested distinction between ancient Arran/Albania (Modern Republic of Azarbaijan) and the original Azerbaijan in Iran by the 10th century AD. Note how the Araxes River separates Arran from the historical Azerbaijan (in Iran). Consult: Whittow, M. (1996), The Making of Byzantium: 600-1025. Berkley: University of California Press.
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