Entries by manuvera

The “Other” Themistocles and Artaxerxes I: an Irony

This article discusses the “Other” side of Themistocles (c. 524–459 BCE), the Athenian general-politician who fought against the forces of Darius I (522-486 BCE) at the Battle of Marathon (August/September 490 BCE) (see Plutarch Aristides V.3) and ten years later commanded the Greek navies against Darius’ son Xerxes (r. 486-465 BCE) at the naval Battles […]

Photos of Old Tehran: 1920s-1940s (Part II)

The posting below is a continuation of a previous posting entitled “Photos of Old Tehran: 1920s-1940s (Part I)” … ========================================================================= A dapper Tehran motorist circa mid-late 1930s or early 1940s. Nasser Khosrow Nasser Khosrow in the 1920s Further down on Nasser Khosrow street in the 1920s. Nasser khosrow avenue, Tehran, 1946. Istanbul Avenue Istanbul avenue, Tehran, […]

Egyptian Maps of the Persian Gulf

Below are two Egyptian maps of the Persian Gulf (posted in Persian Gulf On-line)  in which Egyptian cartographers refer to the body of water by its correct historical name of the Persian Gulf or “Khaleej ol Faris” in Arabic. [Click to Enlarge] Egyptian map of the Persian Gulf drafted in Cairo in 1908 (Source: posted in Persian […]

A Tribute to the Popular Folklore Music of Central Asia, the Caucasus and Afghanistan

Below is a tribute to the musical artists of Central Asia, the Caucasus and Afghanistan from the 1960s-1980s. Musical artists from Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, Central Asia and the Caucasus share a powerful musical tradition that may be characterized as Turco-Iranian or Persianate. Artists from Afghanistan, Iran and Turkey in particular often adopt each others’ songs […]

Arab Documents testifying to Iranian Ownership of 3 Persian Gulf Islands

شهادت نامه های شیوخ عرب بر حقانیت ایران بر جزایر اربعه خلیج فارس- از۱۲۶۶ شمسی Below are documents posted by the –محکستان– [Mahakestan] website providing documentation of Arab leaders acknowledging Iran’s historical claims to the three Islands of the Persian Gulf (dated to 1850). These documents/pages are posted below (click on each to Enlarge): [Click […]